The retention phase of treatment begins when the braces are removed. All patients will be fitted with a retainer. The type of retainer will be dictated by the type and complexity of the original malocclusion. Retainers may be either removable or non-removable. In some situations, retainers are to be worn indefinitely to help insure that the results obtained can be maintained for years. The doctors will instruct each patient on the exact wearing time of their retainers, based on each patient's individual needs.